понедельник, 2 июля 2012 г.

Installing Gnome 3

Installing Gnome 3

Before we continue, it is worth mentioning that there is a gnome package in the default Ubuntu repository for Gnome, however from what I understood from several articles this version is outdated and does not include all the beauty that is included in the latest Gnome 3 release. So you may want to skip installing the default package from the repository.
The good news is that installing the latest Gnome 3 on Ubuntu 12.04 is extremely easy. Just copy-paste the following lines for the latest release from the Gnome team into a terminal (type Ctrl-Alt T to open a terminal window):

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell

Gnome 3 Shell Extensions

One of the great new features of Gnome 3 is the possibility to add “shell extensions”. These are small user interface elements which can improve the overall user experience.

To install a shell extension visit the Gnome Extensions website with your browser (the default Firefox works fine for this) and install extensions by switching the “ON/OFF” button to “ON” (you can find these buttons on the individual extension pages, in the left upper corner).
You may also want to consider installing the Gnome Tweak Tool which will give you greater control over your shell extensions and several other Gnome settings. You can install this tool directly from the Ubuntu Software Repository, or by copy-pasting the following lines into a terminal:
sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-toolYou can now find this tweak tool by searching for “Advanced Settings” in your applications or in System Tools menu.

Recommended Shell Extensions

Experiment and try out some shell extensions. Personally I recommend to at least try out activating/installing the following shell extensions:
Alternatively, if you prefer to install a small collection of popular shell extensions in one go (including most of the listed above) you can copy-paste the following lines in a terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ricotz/testing
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell-extensions-common
And once you have finished installing extensions, visit the Installed Extensions page on the Gnome Extensions website or the “Shell Extensions” option in the Gnome Tweak Tool. There you will be able to see, enable/disable and customize settings of the individual extensions from the collection.
An important note about using Gnome shell extensions: Unfortunately any installed shell extension will not automatically be updated when newer versions are released. You will need to manually remove and reinstall any shell extension which conflicts with future Gnome 3 or Ubuntu updates. This is something the Gnome team is aware of and (I hope) is working on fixing.

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